Hayfield Quality Tours

Receptive & Tour Operator

Phone/Fax (518) 798-1253

PO Box 4042, Queensbury, NY 12804 • Doris Herwig, Tour Planner • email: hayfield@capital.net

New York State-Wide Tours

The famous New York skyline, the Brooklyn Bridge, and the Statue of Liberty.

New York State has many faces and is divided into 4 distinct regions.
New York City is known as "The Big Apple" and "The City That Never Sleeps."
It is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, the heartbeat of the nation and, some say, of the world,
welcoming immigrants and tourists from near and far, and is the starting point to the entire State of New York.
Finger Lakes is distinctly wine country, beautiful rolling hills, and the Erie Canal.
The Adirondacks are distinctly breathtaking high peak mountains, thousands of lakes including
the "Queen of American Lakes" - Lake George,
quaint villages including Olympic Lake Placid and victorian Saratoga Springs,
and home to the French and Indian War, the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812,
Underground Railroad, and other historic events.
Hudson Valley is distinctly home of the original settlers, the beginnings of the State
West Point and military activity, the mansions of the rich and famous,
and leaders who opened up the north and west.


IDEA CENTER
for Tour Operators, Wholesalers, Group Leaders,
Clubs, Banks, Schools, and Meeting Planners

whose groups of 30 or more persons are traveling by motorcoach.

Let Hayfield Tours prepare an exciting tour for your group
from the Idea Center or from an idea of your own.

NOTE: These tours are not for individual travelers.

Contact your local Tour Operators, AAA, Bus Companies, or Receptives for tours you can join.

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INDEX OF NEW YORK STATE TOURS

Tour # NYS-1 - THE 4 FABULOUS FACES OF NEW YORK STATE
Tour # NYS-2 - THE NEW YORK STATE ROAD TO FREEDOM - The Underground Railroad
Tour # NYS-3 - THE NEW YORK STATE INDEPENDENCE TRAIL

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TOUR # NYS-1 - THE 4 FABULOUS FACES OF NEW YORK STATE

The most complete tour of New York State ever presented.

DAY 1 - TRAVEL
Fly or drive into:
Newark International Airport in Newark NJ or
Stewart International Airport in Newburgh NY
Dinner at hotel
HOTEL: New York City Area

>>>>> FINGER LAKES
Rolling hills, breathtaking lakes, unblemished countryside, 200+ wineries, and unparalleled Niagara Falls.

DAY 2 - FINGER LAKES SOUTH
Corning Glass 
Watkins Glen
Seneca Lake Scenic Cruise
Wine tasting
Dinner at a Castle

HOTEL: Canandaigua

DAY 3 - FINGER LAKES WEST
Letchworth State Park
Sonnenberg Gardens
NYS Wine & Culinary Center 
Dinner at hotel
Free evening

HOTEL: Canandaigua

DAY 4 - FINGER LAKES NORTH
Niagara Falls - US Side
Maid of the Mist Boat Tour
Cave of the winds
Erie Canal Cruise
Dinner at the Canal

HOTEL: Canandaigua

DAY 5 - FINGER LAKES EAST
1849 Women's Suffrage Convention Park
3 Women's Suffrage Ladies Statue
Most Photographed Church in Finger Lakes
William Seward House
Tiffany Chapel
Skaneateles Lake Cruise
Saratoga Springs City Tour
Dinner in Saratoga

HOTEL: Lake George

>>>>> ADIRONDACKS
Iroquois hunted them - Colvin named them, Olympians challenge them - tourists love them,
the Magnificent Adirondack Mountains, oldest mountains on earth.

DAY 6 - LAKE PLACID
Adirondack Park - drive thru 6,200,000 acre largest park in US
Olympic Venues
- Ski Jump Complex and 1932 & 1980 Arenas
Mystery Stop
High Falls Gorge
Village Shopping
Dinner
on the lake
HOTEL: Lake George

DAY 7 - CENTRAL ADIRONDACKS
Garnet Mine - Find and Keep what you find
Adirondack Museum
Alpaca Farm
Dinner
at local favorite
HOTEL: Lake George

DAY 8 - LAKE GEORGE
Lake George Region and Millionaire's Row Tour
Prospect Mt. Scenic Highway & Overlooks
Luncheon Cruise on Lake George
Hyde Collection

Dinner in village
HOTEL: Lake George

>>>>> HUDSON RIVER VALLEY
Thanks to Henry Hudson in 1609 who sailed north from New York City to Albany on the “Half Moon”,
his discovery led to innumerable escape routes on and off the water heading north to Canada and freedom.

DAY 9 - HYDE  PARK
Vanderbilt Mansion
Culinary Institute of America Luncheon
Roosevelt Home, Library, & Burial Ground
Dinner
at vintage diner.
HOTEL: Fishkill

DAY 10 - KINGSTON
Locust Grove
Mohonk Mountain House Buffet Lunch
Cruise Hudson River
Dinner at hotel

HOTEL: Fishkill

DAY 11 - SLEEPY HOLLOW - TARRYTOWN
Union Church of Pocantico Hills
Lyndhurst,
Jay Gould mansion
Kykuit, 4 generation Rockefeller Estate
Dinner at hotel

HOTEL: Fishkill

DAY 12 - WEST POINT
West Point Tour
Lunch at Hotel Thayer
Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island and The Wall of Honor
Dinner
at local favorite
HOTEL: New York City area

>>>>> NEW YORK CITY 
The grandest city in the world.

DAY 13 - NEW YORK CITY
Guided New York City Tour
Rockefeller Center
St. Patricks Cathedral
Discovery Museum on Broadway
World Yacht Dinner Cruise 

HOTEL: New York City area

DAY 14 - NEW YORK CITY
On Your Own Day in NYC
Broadway Shows available
HOTEL: New York City area

DAY 15 - TRAVEL
Check out and depart for home - airports nearby, major highways everywhere.

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TOUR # NYS-2 - NEW YORK STATE’S CRITICAL ROLE IN THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
The most complete tour of New York State ever presented.

DAY 1 - TRAVEL
Fly or drive into:
Newark International Airport in Newark NJ or
Stewart International Airport in Newburgh NY
Dinner at hotel
HOTEL Auburn

>>>>> FINGER LAKES - Western Escape Route
From New York City, the Underground Railroad Route split into three: East to Hartford and north thru Vermont; North to Albany, Saratoga, Glens Falls and Montreal; West to Auburn, Rochester and Niagara Falls, all with the destination of Canada and freedom.

DAY 2 - AUBURN

Harriet Tubman Home & Museum.  
Known as “Moses” of her time, Tubman was an extraordinary, petite woman who defied the laws of
insanity and single-handedly saved over 300 fleeing slaves.

Seward House Museum.
In 1850s, U.S. Senator William H. Seward and his wife Frances sheltered fugitive slaves in their family home, and in 1859 provided land for Harriet Tubman’s home down the street. William H. Seward was
one of most influential men of his time - N.Y. State Governor, U.S. Senator, and Secretary of State to Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. He also was instrumental in purchasing Alaska, affectionately called “Seward’s Folly”. Defender of Freedom and good friend of Harriet Tubman. A
staunch abolishionist. Frances Miller Seward, although disliking politics, played important role as her husband’s advisor. A free-thinker, she was known as Woman of Principle and supported the Women’s Rights movement and hid runaway slaves in her basement.

Fort Hill Cemetery.
Gravesites of William Seward, Harriet Tubman, suffragette Martha Coffin Wright, and Myles Keogh,
who fought with General Custer at Battle of Little Big Horn.

Dinner
Lakeside Inn, whose thickets surrounding the backyard were used as hiding places for Harriet
Tubman’s fleeing slaves.

HOTEL: Auburn

DAY 3 - ROCHESTER

Frederick Douglass.
Fiery orator of Underground Railroad Movement, publisher of “The North Star”. Home was a “station”,
later fire burned it to the ground, a marker depicting its location. TOUR of other “stations” in the
Rochester area.

Susan B. Anthony Home.
Co-author of the Women’s Emancipation Proclamation and staunch abolishionist. Visit home and
see some of fascinating memoirs regarding her work with women’s rights and freedom for slaves.

Mount Hope Cemetery.
Burial site of Frederick Douglass, which sits atop a 1100 A.D. Indian Mound and other historical
monuments.

New Hope Free Methodist Church.
Formed and operated by abolitionists. Visit church and learn about its most interesting black history.

Dinner at
African restaurant specializing in Ethopian cuisine.

HOTEL: Auburn

>>>>> ADIRONDACKS
Iroquois hunted them, Colvin named them,
Olympians challenged them, Tourists love them -
the Magnificent Adirondack Mountains, the oldest mountains on earth.


DAY 4 - LAKE PLACID

Gerritt Smith, Peterboro.
Lifelong philanthropist, abolitionist, social reformer. With father’s inherited wealth, Smith extended
philan-thropy and commitment to both abolition and temperance movements, leading to Peterboro becoming an important stop on the Underground Railroad. He funded John Brown’s raid on Harpers
Ferry. Village is site of Gerritt Smith Estate National Historic Landmark, site of inaugural meeting of
NYS 1835 Anti-slavery Society, was major Underground Railroad destination, site of National Abolition
Hall of Fame and Museum, home to suffragette and dress reform advocate Elizabeth Smith Miller.
Spend time in this quaint 1795 village and walk on historic land.

John Brown. Lake Placid.
Visit actual John Brown Farm and Gravesite, home and final resting place of this famous abolitionist.
Brown moved to Lake Placid 1849 to lead freed slaves in farming. 1855, he moved to Kansas to
support his sons' efforts to keep Kansas a free-state under popular sovereignty laws, leaving his
wife and several of his child-ren behind, returning to visit his family at Lake Placid several times.
1859, Brown attempted to start libera-tion movement among enslaved African Americans by seizing
arsenal at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. For this, he was tried for treason against the state of Virginia
and was hanged.

Dinner
Local favorite.

HOTEL: Lake George

DAY 5 - LAKE GEORGE

10 Talking Quilts Program.
Silent message givers used in Underground Railroad, plus colors and designs of clothes, hairdos,
special verbage, music, and other sound and sight signals including message of the trees, cooking
pots, and more.

Free Copy of book considered one of most definitive works on Black History and the Underground
Railroad.

Solomon Northup, Fort Edward.
Free black man secretively captured by bounty hunters 1841 and sold INTO slavery for 12 years,
his sub-sequent rescue from a southern plantation 1853, his 1854 authored account of time in
captivity, which book became rallying point for the Civil War, and then his mysterious disappearance
forever.

Mintus Northup, Fort Edward.
F
ather of Solomon Northup buried here, an interesting story onto its own.

Fort House Museum, Fort Edward.
Upper floor devoted to Solomon Northup who lived here with his new bride before his capture a few
years later.

1841 Underground Railroad Stone Chair Direction Marker
Carved escape route symbols, also a wilderness road sign. Kodak Moment!

Parks Bentley House, South Glens Falls.
1820 home built of bricks made on site, fascinating house and history, crawl down into cellar Hiding
Hole which once was connected to Hudson River via escape tunnel.

Dinner.
Southern Fried Chicken at local favorite.

HOTEL: Lake George

DAY 6 - VERGENNES

Travel north into nearby Vermont on historic Underground Railroad wagon route.

Farm House & Museum
Home of Rowland T. Robinson. House and farm nurtured and survived growing up and growing old
of four generations of Robinsons, a remarkable family of Rhode Island Quaker farmers, abolitionists, authors, and artists. It was here that one of the generations, Rowland Thomas Robinson, provided
fugitive slaves with employment and education needed to start new lives. National Historic Landmark Underground Railroad stop and one of best documented sites in nation.


Maritime Museum

See actual skeleton of original ferry that transported slaves across Lake Champlain. On life-size
replica, “walk on water” as the horses did, powering the ferry that transported fleeing people.


1859 Ferry.

Ride same ferry slaves used, historic scenic shortcut on one of oldest ferry crossings in North
America. Original 1759 ferry propelled by horses who "walked on water" and carried fugitives across
Lake Champlain into New York for journey to Lake Placid and Canada as seen in Maritime Museum.

Dinner

Lake George.

HOTEL: Lake George

>>>>> HUDSON RIVER VALLEY
Thanks to Henry Hudson in 1609 who sailed north from New York City to Albany on the “Half Moon”, this magnificent waterway helped fleeing slaves make their incredible journey north.

DAY 7 - KINGSTON - PEEKSKILL - SLEEPY HOLLOW

Sojourner Truth, Swartekill, Town of Esopus, Kingston
Known as “Slave, Prophet, Legend”. Born into slavery, auctioned off innumerable times including once
with some sheep, became abolishionist and activist preacher on rights of slaves, friend of President Abraham Lincoln.

Peekskill.
New York City and Hudson River Valley formed natural combination of resources and geographic
advan-tages to create major routes for Underground Railroad. Many well-established connections to historical Underground Railroad remain in area. Visit some of them, including “Tunnel” on Henry Ward Beecher property (cousin to Harriet Beecher Stowe), Episcopal Zion Church with hiding rooms,
MacGregory Brook, a Safe House, and more.

Phillipsburg Manor, Sleepy Hollow.
Late 17th, early 18th-century milling, farming, and trading complex, interprets daily life and culture of enslaved Africans who lived and worked on site. “Station” on Underground Railroad.

Dinner at a l
Local favorite

HOTEL: Tarrytown

DAY 8 - TRAVEL

Depart for journey home.

NOTE: ADD a day or two to visit NIAGARA FALLS, both US and Canadian Side for sites on the Underground Railroad as this area was one of several ultimate destinations to freedom.

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TOUR # NYS-3 - NEW YORK STATE INDEPENDENCE TRAIL - BIRTH OF AMERICA

Tour some of most important sites of French and Indian War and Revolutionary War - from authentically restored forts and historic battlefields to grand government buildings and
period homes.

DAY 1 - TRAVEL
Arrive Fly or drive into:
Newark International Airport in Newark NJ or
Stewart International Airport in Newburgh NY or
Albany International Airport in Albany, NY or
Lake George by motorcoach.
Check in hotel

Intro Tour of Lake George.
In-depth look at Lake George - “Queen of American Lakes”, so named by Thomas Jefferson, with its extraordinary history on the beginnings of America.

Prospect Mt. Scenic High & Overlooks, Lake George.
5-1/2 mile, 2021’ ride to summit of this French and Indian War redoubt overlooking entire South Basin
of Lake George plus 100 miles and 4 states. Breathtaking.

Dinner in Lake George.

HOTEL: Lake George

DAY 2 - LAKE CHAMPLAIN

>>>>> THE FRENCH & INDIAN WAR - 1754-1763

Story of New York’s Independence Trail begins 1754 at start of French and Indian War with fierce
contest to gain control of New World. The French, allied with Algonquins and Hurons, tried to wrest
control from British and American colonists who, along with their allies the Iroquois, Mohawks and Mahicans, headed north through Champlain Valley. New York State’s strategic waterways - Lake
George, Lake Champlain, and Hudson, Mohawk and St. Lawrence Rivers - made New York focal
point of the war that changed course of history. War ends with France passing French Canada to
British.

Crowne Point, Lake Champlain 1734-1759
Visitor Center includes exhibits interpreting French, British, and American chapters of Crown Point's
history. Impressive ruins, including Fort St. Frederick (fortress within a fort) was vital and well-known
in long struggle between France and Great Britain for North American empire. Lake Champlain, major highway for com-merce and military supplies, was target for control by both nations. 1759 Fort was
taken by combined force of British regulars and provincial troops numbering 12,000 men. British immediately began construction of "His Majesty's Fort of Crown Point,"

Fort Ticonderoga 1755-59
Guided Tour of fort and grounds. Large gift shop, extensive History Book Store, cafe. Originally called
Fort Carillon and built by French, is where American Liberty begins! Remote post on Lake Champlain guarded narrow water highway connecting New France with Britain's American colonies. Whichever
nation controlled Ticonderoga controlled America. Struggle to keep or capture Ticonderoga resulted
in one of bloodiest battles in American history. The following year however, British defeated the French
and as troops evacuated, they blew up the powder magazine and warehouse. 1763 Formal end of
French & Indian War, control of French Canada passed to Britain. Britain maintained small garrison
at the Fort. 1775 Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys caught British soldiers sleeping at Fort Ticonderoga, and captured the fort on behalf of the Continental Army. Discoveries yielded 114 pieces
of cannon and heavy ordnance sorely needed by the Americans. Colonel Henry Knox transported 29
of these to Boston, passing through Lake George where markers are found. During 1776-77, it was
staging area for British under Burgoyne until end of war. 1783 Crown Point returned to American
control under the Peace Treaty of 1783.

Rogers Rock 1757-58
Area where Native Americans and French soldiers chased Major Robert Rogers to rock’s precipice overlooking Lake George during winter. Rogers eluded pursuers by reversing his snowshoes and
retracing his steps through the wilderness, fooling pursuers into thinking he had fallen over the
precipice into the Lake and died.

Dinner in Lake George

HOTEL: Lake George

DAY 3 - LAKE GEORGE

Fort William Henry 1755-1757
Visit Fort, see movie of its history, hear presentations of musket and cannon firings, large gift shop,
large History Book Store. Fall of Fort William Henry and ensuing "massacre" of surrendered English
1757 is one of most famous incidents in American history. As dramatized by James Fenimore Cooper
in "Last of the Mohicans", fall of Fort was incredible tragedy of epic proportions, illustration of nobility
of the British and savagery of both the French and Indians, and example of brutal primal rage.

Fort George and Battlefield Park
Site echoes history of three wars, French and Indian, American Revolution, War of 1812-1815.
Remainders of entrenchments, buildings, redoubts, and citadel can be seen. See monument of Gen. William Johnson and Mohawk King Hendrick discussing strategy before their victory over the French
in 1755.

Fort Edward on Rogers Island
Visit Museum, see movie, and walk the grounds. Called “The Great Carrying Place”, was the portage
be-tween Hudson River and Lake Champlain. First recorded military expedition 1690 by Major Gen.
Fitz-John Winthrop, and Peter Schuyler 1691 leading expedition against Canada. Fort Nicholson, first
built garrison 1709 during “Queen Anne’s War”, followed by stockade and trading post 1731 to protect
the fort, storehouses and log huts. Sawmill built 1745 and saw many raids during French and Indian
War. Provincial troops arrived 1755, among them celebrated Rogers’ Rangers. Rogers Island became
base camp for the Rangers during the 2-1/2 year War in the area. Many Ranger huts, a blockhouse,
large barracks complex, and a large smallpox hospital were constructed 1756-59. Many Revolutionary
War men such as Philip Schuyler, Israel Putnam, and Paul Revere were stationed here. 1766 the
garrison was ordered evacuated, with Benedict Arnold, Gen. Knox, Gen. Howe, and Gen. Burgoyne all
using the Island during their pass-thrus.

Skenesborough Museum 1775
New York State Heritage Center and tour area where, under command of Benedict Arnold, colonists
built and sailed this country’s first warships, earning Whitehall designation “Birthplace of U.S. Navy”
as ordered by Congress to construct fleet of 13 ships to counter expected British invasion.

Dinner
Local favorite.

HOTEL: Lake George

>>>>> THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR 1775-1777
Nearly one-third of battles of American Revolution took place in New York. Turning point of Revolutionary War was played out at Battle of Saratoga, where three British units planned to converge in southward assault on New York City. Patriots thwarted British and their victory
set stage for the Birth of Our Great Nation.

DAY 4 - SARATOGA

Battle of Saratoga 1777
British Gen. Burgoyne, in quest to secure eastern waterways of Champlain, George and Hudson, ran
into innumerable obstacles, not least of which were untamed terrain, loss at Lake George, Native
Americans allies leaving, losing 1000 men and supplies from Vermont, and American controlled of
Fort Stanwix to the west, encamped in Saratoga as last-ditch effort to rid the Americans on his path
to New York City. For Americans, British delays and defeats brought time to re-organize and reinforce. Gen. Horatio Gates found a way, revealed on this tour, and established defensive position at Bemis
Heights. First encounter 9/19/77 saw defeat for the British, on 10/17/77 saw their capitulation. The
Battle of Saratoga marked the turning point of the Revolutionary War.

Tour of Historic Saratoga Springs
Historic homes districts, Saratoga Spa State Park, taste of the magic mineral waters (become 10
years younger when you get back on bus!!!), race tracks, history galore.

New York State Military Museum
In 1899 Armory, museum houses over 10,000 artifacts dating from Revolutionary War to Desert
Storm relating to contributions of New York veterans.

City Tour of Kingston
Founded 1652, farmers near Kingston provided Washington's troops with wheat and other food
supplies (Kingston would become known later as "the breadbasket of the Revolution"). 1777 John
Jay and other leading patriots met in stone house in Kingston to declare province a sovereign state
and established first New York State Senate. In nearby building, first State Assembly met. Kingston
became New York State's first capital. In October, General William Clinton brought British forces up
Hudson on way to meet Burgoyne coming down from Canada - an opportunity to punish Kingston
for their disloyalty to the crown. They put the torch to every house in the village but one. Residents
fled to Hurley, a smaller village several miles away but returned to rebuild their city stone by stone.

Dinner
Kingston Stockade

HOTEL: Newburgh

DAY 5 - NEWBURGH and WEST POINT

National Purple Heart Hall of Honor
The Purple Heart is oldest military decoration still in use and was first to honor the common soldier.
Initially created as Badge of Military Merit (good behavior) by commander-in-chief of the Continental
Army, Gen. George Washington - a leader who understood importance of the individual soldier. Visit Museum, see movie, search out friends from computerized exhibit, help someone you know register
in Hall of Honor.

New Windsor Cantonment - Apr. 19, 1783 - END OF WAR
On Purple Heart Museum grounds, New Windsor Cantonment State Historic Site, where Continental
Army under Gen. George Washington spent last winter and spring of Revolutionary War. October
1782, Gen. Washington moved his northern army to New Windsor to establish winter quarters. 7,500 soldiers and 500 women and children civilian refugees encamped here. By late December 1782, they
had erected nearly 600 log huts into a "cantonment," a military enclave. It was here that the cease fire
orders were issued by Washington ending the eight-year War of Independence on April 19, 1783.

West Point 1802
President Thomas Jefferson signed legislation establishing West Point, ensuring those attending the Academy would be representative of a democratic society. USMA is oldest of the nation's five service academies. The military garrison at West Point was occupied in 1778 and played key role in
Revolutionary War. Tour campus - security check required.

Lunch at Hotel Thayer on West Point Campus
A final tribute to America from the most prestigious institution in the world.

TRAVEL HOME.

NOTE: Many historic Revolutionary war sites exist in and around New York City. 1-2-3 days can be
added to this tour to include those sites.

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Hayfield Quality Tours - PO Box 4042, Queensbury, NY 12804 • Doris Herwig, Tour Planner, phone/fax: (518) 798-1253, email: hayfield@capital.net

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